The Cohen Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies Digital Collection was created to aid the Cohen Center’s mission to provide resources for the teaching and study of genocide throughout Keene State College’s academic programs, and the greater educational community. The archives aids the Cohen Center by collecting materials based upon their historical, cultural, and scholarly importance in understanding the causes and consequences of genocide.
Earl G. Harrison
This report from Harrison to President Truman helped to bring to the attention of Americans the deplorable conditions of Jewish refugees, need for relief efforts in Europe, and the creation of a Jewish state.
Deutches Reich and Alfred Y. Eiseustadter (Passport Holder)
This is the passport of Alfred Yorael Eiseustadter. who fled from Nazi Germany in 1941.Eiseustadter was born in Nuremberg, Germany on August 1 1916. Lived in Berlin when passport was issued.
The passport was issued on March 17 1940. There is a physical description of Eiseustadter given in the passport. He was of medium build, with an oval face, brown hair and brown eyes. There is also a note that he wore glasses.
There are transit stamps from Spain dated mid February 1941, and from Portugal in early March 1941. There is an Immigration Visa stamp dated January 24 1941 from the American Consulate in Berlin.
Deutcheus Reich and Gerhard Karhoff (Pass Holder)
This Wehrpaß or "Military Pass" was given to Gerhard Karhoff on August 19 1940. Gerhard Karhoff was a German Catholic serving in the Germany military. He was stationed in Münster Germany in 1940. His military occupation is listed but indecipherable.
Gerhard Karhoff’s father, Hierarch Karhoff, was a carpenter. Hierarch and his wife Anna lived in Osnabrück Germany where Gerhard was born on November 30th 1890. According to the educational background section Gerhard Karhoff only completed primary school.
Deutches Reich and Herta Sara Rubin (Passport Holder)
Herta Sara Rubin was born in Vienna Austria on April 28th 1922. The passport was issued July 3 1939. The passport states that her occupation was a teacher. There is a physical description of Hera Sara Rubin. She is described as being small, with a round face, brown eyes and brown hair. Hera Sara Rubin was approved to leave Germany on July 3 1939.
There are a number of travel stamps in the passport. There is a Luxembourg luggage stamp dated July 18 1939. A German border patrol stamp from August 2 1939. There is a French transit stamp for transit on the Cunard White Star Ocean Liner dated July 29 1939.
The final page has an immigration stamp dated July 19 1939. It was processed at the American Consulate at Vienna, Germany.
Deutches Reich and Jacob Israel Rubin (Passport Holder)
This is the passport of Jacob Israel Rubin who fled Nazi Germany in 1940. Jacob Rubin was born in Kolomea, Austria (modern day Kolomyia, Ukraine) on January 17th 1883.
There is a physical description of Jacob Israel Rubin listed in the passport. He is described as being of medium build, with an oval face, brown eyes, gray hair and gray facial hair. He lived in Vienna when he applied for his passport. His occupation is listed as a commercial staff worker. The passport was issued December 17 1939. Rubin was cleared to leave German on July 1st 1940.
There are a number of Latvian Railway stamps for July 11 1940. He was cleared to travel through China July 27th 1940. There are a number of Chinese travel stamps dating from early August 1940, which show the original date in the Chinese 60-year-calender.
The final page of the passport contains an immigration Visa stamp that was processed May 7th 1940 at the American Consulate in Vienna, Germany.
Deutsches Reich and Ernestine Rubin (Passport Holder)
Issued December 30th 1939 to Ernestine Sara Rubin. Born in Vienna Austria on March 17th 1889, Ernestine fled Nazi Germany in the summer of 1940. There is a physical description of Ernestine Rubin which describes her as being of medium build, with an oval face, brown eyes, and gray hair. Her profession is listed and loosely translates to "in household."
There is an immigration visa stamp on the back page of the passport dated May 3rd 1940 processed at the American Consulate in Vienna, Germany. She was approved to leave Germany July 1 1940. There is a Lithuanian railway stamp dated July 11 1940, and multiple Chinese stamps dating from late August 1940.
There are a number of travel stamps from Lithuania and China. There are also many stamps from China which show the date on the traditional Chinese 60-year calendar.
According to the passport her travel plans were to go through Lithuania, China and then the United States of America.
Deutsches Reich and Walter Singer (Passport Holder)
This is the passport of Walter Singer. It was issued September 6th 1938 by the "Deutches Reich" or "The German Empire."
Walter Singer was born in Vienna Austria on November 17th 1916, Singer fled Nazi Germany in 1939. The passport includes a physical description of Singer. He is described as having a medium build, with a long face, blue eyes and blond hair. His profession is listed, but indecipherable. Walter A. Singer was married in Vienna on July 31, 1938, the last day that Jews were allowed to marry in Austria after the Nazi invasion.
Realizing that the Jews of Austria were in great danger, he and his wife Edith secured passports and booked passage to Latvia. The passport outlines Singer's travel plans. As is listed in the passport, Singer intended to travel to: Belgium, France, The Netherlands, Australia, The United States of America, Latvia, and Great Britain.
Latvia refused entrance to Singer and his wife, and they were forced to go back to German territory. There are a number of stamps in the passport showing his leaving Austria and returning, there is also a stamp from the Länderbank, Wien the country bank of Vienna.
Singer was arrested by the Gestapo on November 9, 1938. When Singer’s wife, Edith, learning of his arrest, she begged the officers for his release. Her request was granted on the condition that she could acquire two steamer ship tickets out of Europe. The couple went back to Vienna and received American visas on January 6, 1939. There is an Immigration Visa stamp on the final page of the passport that was processed February 13, 1939 at the American Consulate in Vienna Germany.