Presentation Title

Electrical Stimulation versus Static Compression in the Reduction of Acute Edema following Patellar Dislocation

Presentation Type

Poster

School

School of Sciences and Social Sciences

Discipline

Athletic Training

Mentor

Wanda Swiger

Abstract

The purpose of this review is to determine the effectiveness of electrical stimulation and compression for edema (swelling) reduction following patellar (kneecap) dislocation. After dislocation, there is an acute inflammatory response, fluid and cellular materials accumulate outside of the capillary, causing swelling. Five randomized control trials (RCT) were reviewed. Three RCTs determined that electrical stimulation is effective at reducing acute edema. Specifically, high volt pulsed current at 120pps for 30 minutes was most effective. Two RCTs found that compression is effective at reducing acute edema; however, researchers found that pneumatic (intermittent) compression devices may be more effective than static compression (wrap/sleeve). We concluded that both high volt electrical stimulation and compression will reduce acute edema and should be used in the acute management and reduction of swelling following patellar dislocation.

Share

COinS
 

Electrical Stimulation versus Static Compression in the Reduction of Acute Edema following Patellar Dislocation

The purpose of this review is to determine the effectiveness of electrical stimulation and compression for edema (swelling) reduction following patellar (kneecap) dislocation. After dislocation, there is an acute inflammatory response, fluid and cellular materials accumulate outside of the capillary, causing swelling. Five randomized control trials (RCT) were reviewed. Three RCTs determined that electrical stimulation is effective at reducing acute edema. Specifically, high volt pulsed current at 120pps for 30 minutes was most effective. Two RCTs found that compression is effective at reducing acute edema; however, researchers found that pneumatic (intermittent) compression devices may be more effective than static compression (wrap/sleeve). We concluded that both high volt electrical stimulation and compression will reduce acute edema and should be used in the acute management and reduction of swelling following patellar dislocation.