Presentation Title

Gender, Education and the State in Spain

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

School

School of Arts and Humanities

Discipline

Modern Languages

Mentor

Lisa DiGiovanni

Abstract

Twentieth century Spain experienced two distinct governments, the Second Republic (1931-1939) and the military regime of Francisco Franco (1939-1975). Women’s position in society was critical to both. During the Second Republic, there was a movement to create a more progressive society; however, during Franco’s regime, progressive ideas were overturned. A return to conservative Catholic patriarchal norms was enforced through mechanisms such as education. My objective is to reveal the complex and important role of gender in both governments through careful analysis of primary source texts used in elementary schools during each regime. These texts illustrate how women and girls were targeted to champion the ideologies of each government and promote their longevity. An in-depth analysis of these forgotten textbooks will spotlight the intersections between gender socialization, education and the state in Spain. More broadly, this research provokes thought on how schools have been sites where gender roles are constructed.

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Gender, Education and the State in Spain

Twentieth century Spain experienced two distinct governments, the Second Republic (1931-1939) and the military regime of Francisco Franco (1939-1975). Women’s position in society was critical to both. During the Second Republic, there was a movement to create a more progressive society; however, during Franco’s regime, progressive ideas were overturned. A return to conservative Catholic patriarchal norms was enforced through mechanisms such as education. My objective is to reveal the complex and important role of gender in both governments through careful analysis of primary source texts used in elementary schools during each regime. These texts illustrate how women and girls were targeted to champion the ideologies of each government and promote their longevity. An in-depth analysis of these forgotten textbooks will spotlight the intersections between gender socialization, education and the state in Spain. More broadly, this research provokes thought on how schools have been sites where gender roles are constructed.