Presentation Title

Reasons Why Women In The United States Are Having Fewer Children

Presenter Information

Nicole Fiorey

Mentor

Marie Duggan

Location

David F. Putnam Science Center - 175

Abstract

Why are American women having fewer children? There are two arguments in the literature. Firstly, with social security in place, there is less reliance upon grown children to support their elderly parents. Further, rising wages for women working outside the home can lead to higher child care costs. I hypothesized that fertility depends on child care costs and the number of women in full time work. A regression with data from the Center for Disease Control and the Bureau of Labor Statistics from the 1980s to 2012 showed that child care costs had the greatest effect on fertility.

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Apr 11th, 1:55 PM Apr 11th, 2:55 PM

Reasons Why Women In The United States Are Having Fewer Children

David F. Putnam Science Center - 175

Why are American women having fewer children? There are two arguments in the literature. Firstly, with social security in place, there is less reliance upon grown children to support their elderly parents. Further, rising wages for women working outside the home can lead to higher child care costs. I hypothesized that fertility depends on child care costs and the number of women in full time work. A regression with data from the Center for Disease Control and the Bureau of Labor Statistics from the 1980s to 2012 showed that child care costs had the greatest effect on fertility.