Presentation Title

Peeling Back the Layers of the Middle East: An Analysis of Early Twentieth Century International Policy towards the Creation of the State of Israel

Presenter Information

Danielle Scadova
Robert Graham

Mentor

Thomas Whitcomb

Location

David F. Putnam Science Center - 126

Abstract

Our panel will examine the role of Western governments in creating the conditions which gave rise to the current Israeli-Palestinian conflict as revealed in historical documents and events from World War I through World War II. We will show that the McMahon-Hussein Correspondence (1915-1916), the Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916), and the Balfour Declaration (1917) reflect the goals of Britain and France in the Middle East at that time and set the stage for future conflict across the region. Events during the interwar and postwar periods will be examined, with particular attention to the reasons for and consequences of the United States’ recognition of the State of Israel, including the influence of the Zionist lobby and disagreements among government officials. We will attempt to explain the relevance of the reorganization of the Middle East in the twentieth century to many of the issues in the region today.

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Apr 11th, 1:55 PM Apr 11th, 2:55 PM

Peeling Back the Layers of the Middle East: An Analysis of Early Twentieth Century International Policy towards the Creation of the State of Israel

David F. Putnam Science Center - 126

Our panel will examine the role of Western governments in creating the conditions which gave rise to the current Israeli-Palestinian conflict as revealed in historical documents and events from World War I through World War II. We will show that the McMahon-Hussein Correspondence (1915-1916), the Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916), and the Balfour Declaration (1917) reflect the goals of Britain and France in the Middle East at that time and set the stage for future conflict across the region. Events during the interwar and postwar periods will be examined, with particular attention to the reasons for and consequences of the United States’ recognition of the State of Israel, including the influence of the Zionist lobby and disagreements among government officials. We will attempt to explain the relevance of the reorganization of the Middle East in the twentieth century to many of the issues in the region today.